Vocal care is as important as dental or any other health care more importantantly for singers and speakers or any other professionals who are involved with using vocal cords a lot.
Knowing how normal voice is produced and how it works with speaking and singing helps us understand,prevent as well as manage voice problems.
Speaking and singing involve a voice mechanism that is composed of three subsystems. Each system is composed of different parts of the body and has specific roles in voice production. Three Voice subsystems
|System||Componants of Voice system||How do they help in Voice Production|
Air pressure system
Diaphragm, chest muscles, ribs, abdominal muscles and Lungs.
Provides air and controls the pressure. Just like when you blow air into a flute or any wind instrument.
Voice box (larynx) functions like the a mouth piece of a wind instrument. It is made up of cartilage bones, fibrous membranes and muscles creating a tube like structure with empty space, and in between the space the vocal folds are arranged like a Gate to modulate the voice.
Vocal folds (cords) vibrate, sound waves are produced known as "voiced sound," or "buzzy sound"
Vocal tract: Consists of Throat (pharynx), Oral cavity, Nasal passages helps in transforming and transmitting the sound out of the body.
Transforms the "vibratory sound" into a person's recognizable voice
Damage can occur in any one or all the three subsystems of voice system.
Function of the Voice box or Larynx
Function of the voice box is to open and close the glottis which is the space between the two vocal folds.